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Fir Scéinne – Tuath Dearmadta na hÉireann / Men of Scéinne – A Forgotten Tribe of Ireland

Fir Scéinne – Tuath Dearmadta na hÉireann / Men of Scéinne – A Forgotten Tribe of Ireland

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Fir Scéinne / Men of Scéinne
Until the 12th century, the Men of (the goddess) Scéinne were a powerful branch of the Fir Bolg in Connacht.  Of the 34 families identified as members of the Fir Scéinne by Giolla Íosa Mór Mac Fir Bhisigh in the late 14th century, 8 are still identifiable today.  In addition to providing the identities of these families, this article examines their defeat, the loss of their honor-price under Féineachas ('Brehon Law'), their resulting decline, and their final disappearance as a recognized tuath ('people' or 'tribe') from our history.
Format:  dual language (side by side) Irish and English

Length:  approximately 2200 words per language, 4400 words in total, on 11 pages

The English translation of this dual language article begins like this:

The Beginning

 Not long ago, a woman asked mé about her early Irish ancestors.  Her surname is ‘Hession’ (i.e., Ó hOisín) from Co. Galway. 

In books of genealogy

It was difficult for me to find anything about her early ancestors in the usual sources.  Finally, I found a summary of the genealogy of her extended family in Leabhar Mór Mhic Fhirbhisigh Leacain written between 1397 and 1418 by Giolla Íosa Mór Mac Fir Bhisigh with help from Ádhamh Ó Cuirnín and Murchadh Riabhach Ó Cuindlis, and almost the same summary in Leabhar na nGenealach written in 1650 by Dubhaltach Mac Fhirbhisigh.  I was able to report to her that “Mic Oisín” is the ‘clan-name’ of her family and that they descend from the Fir Scéinne, a branch of the Fir Bolg.  Here is the summary of the Fir Scéinne in Leabhar Mór Mhic Fhirbhisigh Leacain (ca. 1400):

Of the Men of Sceinne here i.e. Mag Riabaich their leader & Ó Gormgaili & Ó Caemocan & Ó Muirrthaili & Ó Fichthillich & Ó Muroici & (Ó) hUicing & Mac Mailin & Mac Oisin  & Ó Lonan & Ó Corra & Mc. (Mic) Danair & Mc. (Mic) Mairtin & Ó Dondgaili & Ó Crechnua & Ó Drucan & Ó Dudacan & Ó Beandan & Ó Bethnachan & Mac Domnaill & Mac Landacan & Mc. (Mic) Gilli Maine & Ó Timanaich & Ó Birn & Ó Mail Phail & Ó Loacan & Ó Duibabrad & Ó Dobran & Mc. (Mic) Coind & Mc. (Mic) Gilli Glacaich & Mag Scalbuidi with their relations.

However ...

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